There are many people who know nothing about bone marrow, What is Bone Marrow Transplant, What is Bone Marrow, How does the bone Marrow Transplant work, consequences of bone marrow Transplant, etc. In this post, the contributors at JustBaazaar have tried to give some easy information to digest about Bone Marrow Transplant.
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What is bone marrow transplant?
A bone marrow transplant is a medical treatment for the human body that replaces unhealthy marrow with a healthy one. You can also call it a blood or marrow transplant (BMT).
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue inside the bones that makes blood-forming cells (blood stem cells). These cells make blood cells as mentioned below:
White blood cells which fight infections.
Red blood cells which carry oxygen throughout the body.
Platelets which control bleeding from Human Body.
Blood-forming cells are also found in the bloodstream and in the umbilical cord blood.
How does The Bone Marrow transplant work?
Before the transplant, you get chemotherapy (chemo) with or without radiation to destroy the affected blood-forming cells and marrow. After that, healthy cells are given to you (it’s not a surgical process0. The new cells go into the bloodstream of your body through an intravenous (IV) line or tube. It’s same like getting blood or medicine through an IV. The new cells find the way into the marrow, where they grow and start making healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Bone marrow transplants are performed when a person’s marrow isn’t healthy enough to function properly. This could be due to chronic infections, disease, or cancer treatments.
Different Vocabulary Associated with Bone Marrow Transplant.
- Allo Transplant (Allogenic Transplant)
- Auto Transplant (Autologous Transplant)
- BMT (Blood and Marrow Transplant)
- HCT – Hematopoietic Cell Transplant
- Matched Unrelated Donor (MUD) transplant
- Stem Cell Transplant
What All Diseases can Bone Marrow Transplant Treat?
Below Mentioned diseases are treated by BMT:
- Blood Cancers Like Leukemia or lymphoma
- Bone Marrow diseases as aplastic anaemia
- Other Immunology related or genetic-related diseases like sickle cell disease.
Consequences of a Bone Marrow Transplant:
You can experience the following symptoms as Bone Marrow Transplant is major surgery.
- A Drop in Blood Pressure
- Shortness of Breath
These are short-term symptoms. However, Bone Marrow Transplant can cause some severe complications. Your chances of developing these severe complications are related to several factors which are not limited to:
- Your Age
- Overall Health
- Diseases you are being treated for
- The type of Transplant you have received
These reactions are mild or serious and can include:
- Graft versus host disease – In this condition, the donor attacks the receiver’s body
- Graft Failure – New Cell do not begin their work
- Bleeding in the lungs, brain, and other parts of your body
- Cataracts because of clouding in the lens of the eyes
- Vital Organs Damage
- Menopause coming early
- Anaemia in the lack of Red Blood Cells
- Diarrhoea, Vomiting, or Nausea
- Mucositis, which is a condition that causes inflammation and soreness in the mouth, throat, and stomach
We advise you to talk to the doctor as soon as you see these complications. Doctors can help you avoid further problems.