How to Master the Conditional Sentences Now. Learn English Grammar in the easiest way with relevant examples and easy to understand definitions. Is learning English Conditional Sentences a nightmare for you? Not any more. In this post, we are going to discuss how to understand English Conditional Sentences in very easy steps and formulas.
Table of Contents
Hello Dear Friends,
I understand you are trying to learn the English language or maybe you are trying to master the same.
Well, whatever is your stage, in this post, I am going to discuss the conditional sentences which we keep speaking on a daily basis.
Conditional sentences are used when we think of something which may happen or might have happened. And, we also talk about the result by imagining it.
First is ‘if clause’ and the second is ‘result clause’.
The result clause depends on the ‘if clause’. You can say that if there is no ‘If clause’, there can be no result clause.
These conditional sentences are pretty much used in our daily life conversations.
So how many types of conditional sentences are there? Well, there are many, however, I am going to emphasize on four of them. And, I will also mention some additional ones which are apparent in our dialogues at times.
First conditional, I also call is a possible condition. It means, we use a sentence where we talk about the condition which is possible in the near future and we talk about the result.
This thing is, in our early learning phase, we tend to use both the clauses (mentioned above) in future. However, in the first conditional, if a clause is framed in the present indefinite and result clause in future simple.
A short one – if present simple, future simple
Long one – if + subject +verb + phrase, subject + will + verb + phrase.
- If you read this post with proper attention, you will learn a lot about conditional sentences.
- If you read it more, you will understand more.
- If Rahul comes today, we will go to the exhibition.
- If you subscribe to my YouTube channel, you will be getting notifications about my new uploads.
- If you study well, you will get more marks in your examination.
- In case you are coming today, tell me right now.
- If you do not go there, I will go
Second conditional, I also call it unreal or imaginary conditional. It is because nothing can change in reality. However, the sentence is talking about the present situation.
Short One: if past simple, would simple
Long one: if + Subject + past form + phrase, subject + would + verb first form + phrase.
- If I were you, I would read this post multiple times to understand the conditional sentences.
- If she was you, she would accept the proposal.
- If you were a bird, what would you do?
- If I were ‘Narendra Modi’, I wonder what I would do.
- If he went to New York City, he would be on clouds.
- If you came today, we would play cricket.
So, in these sentences, we are talking about something which is not real or not happening in real life. We imagine things and also imagine the result.
There are some sentences which are kind of subjunctive sentences and stand near the second conditional.
- Wish, I be there!
- May God bless you!
- All the best!
Third conditional, I also call it impossible conditional, it is because of the ‘if clause’ is being imaging for the past which was actually opposite of the ‘if clause’. So, we are imagining the opposite of the things happened in the past. And, also imagining the result what would have been in that case.
Short one: if past perfect, would perfect. (Perfect = have form + third form of the verb)
Long one: if + subject + had + third form + phrase, subject + would + have + third form + phrase.
- If I had been you, I would have studied this post several times.
- If you had visited there, you would have understood the real situation.
- If Mahatma Gandhi had not been there, India would have got freedom ages back.
- If ‘Ravan’ had not kidnapped ‘Mata Sita’, he would never have got ‘Moksha’.
- If you had been my student, I would have explained these conditional sentences in person to you.
How to Understand English Conditional Sentences – Easy Steps
Some More Examples of Conditional Sentences:
What would you do if you were rich?
What do I mean? It’s a confusing sentence.
That question is asking you to do two things: (1) imagine that you’re rich and (2) imagine what you will do like a rich person.
You can reply: “If I were rich, I would fly first class to Hawaii. I would buy a car! I would travel all over the world.”
But don’t get too excited, it’s all imaginary.
You’re not rich. It’s all in your mind!
In English grammar, this kind of imaginary sentence is called a conditional sentence.
We use conditionals to talk about imaginary situations in the past, present and future.
We use conditionals for situations that might happen in the future or situations that might never happen.
We use conditionals for actions in the past that cannot be changed.
Conditionals are a little difficult to master, but they’re extremely useful to learn.
Luckily, with some basic knowledge and a lot of practice, you will soon be able to use conditionals as if you were a native English speaker.
If you see if and would/will in one sentence, you know you have a conditional sentence to deal with.
When you’re listening or reading in English and the word if appears, there’s a strong chance that it’s a conditional sentence.
- If I eat all the chocolate, I will feel sick tomorrow.
- If I study hard, I will pass the exam.
- If I bought a Ferrari, I would have no money left.
- If I were you, I would not be rude to the boss.
“If I were you…” is a great way to give advice in English.
- If I had studied harder as a teenager, I would have gone to a better university.
- If you had eaten breakfast, you would have felt fine this morning.
- If I had more time, I would learn kick-boxing.
- I would learn kick-boxing if I had more time.
These two sentences mean exactly the same thing, so relax—you don’t need to worry about the order of your clauses.
3 conditional, everything is in the past and finished.
But what do you do if you’re talking about imaginary actions in the past that affect the present?
You need to change your grammar and used a mixed conditional.
Here’s an example:
- If I had married that rich woman, I would be rich too!
My dear English learners, I have written this post to get you more knowledge about the conditional sentences in the English language. This post is written by without preparation.
I am writing this just by thinking from my earnest knowledge.
If you have any questions or queries about the conditional sentences, contact me at my email address which is email@example.com.
Also, if you think something is wrong in this post, do let me know. I am a human being and tend to make errors. So, I will take your constructive feedback positively and will make the changes in the post. I will also give credit to you in the post.
Have a nice learning!
Suniltams English Guru
How to use Some and Any in English Sentences | How to use Among and Amid in Sentences | Articles in the English Language | Top Reasons to Learn English | Yes No Questions in the English Language | Stylistic Devices Elipsis | Stylistic Devices – Metaphor | Figures of Speech Zeugma | Start Learning English Today | Master the Conditional Sentences Now | What is Inversion | What is Gerund |