Figures of Speech – Chiasmus
What is chiasmus?
Chiasmus is a figure of speech in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form. In other words, the clauses display inverted parallelism.
These are examples of chiasmus:
- He knowingly led and we followed blindly
- Swift as an arrow flying, fleeing like a hare afraid
- ‘Bad men live that they may eat and drink,
whereas good men eat and drink that they may live.’
Socrates (fifth century B.C.)
- The heart of a fool is in his mouth, the mouth of a wise man is in his heart.
List of Figures of Speech in the English Language – Literary Devices
|Anaphora||Epiphora (or epistrophe)||Tautology|
|Anticlimax||Hypophora||Zeugma and syllepsis|
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